How to Install Node.js on Ubuntu, Windows, Termux, and Linux

How to Install Node.js on various platforms such as Ubuntu, Windows, Termux, and Linux. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced developer, this article will provide you with detailed and comprehensive step-by-step instructions to successfully install Node.js and start leveraging its powerful features. Read on to learn how to get Node.js up and running on your preferred operating system.

Installing Node.js on Ubuntu Terminal

Adding the Node.js Repository

To install Node.js on your Ubuntu terminal, we first need to add the official Node.js repository. This will ensure that we are installing the latest version of Node.js and have access to the most up-to-date features and bug fixes. Open your terminal and follow the steps below:

  • Step 1: Open the terminal by pressing Ctrl + Alt + T or searching for “Terminal” in the applications menu.
  • Step 2: Run the following command to add the Node.js repository:
sudo apt-get install curl
curl -sL https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_14.x | sudo -E bash -

This will download and execute the script that adds the Node.js repository to your system. It will prompt you for your password to authenticate the installation.

Updating the Package Index

Now that we have added the Node.js repository, we need to update the package index to include the newly added repository. This will ensure that we can install Node.js and its dependencies using the package manager. Run the following command in your terminal:

sudo apt-get update

This command will fetch the latest package information from all the repositories configured on your system and update the package index.

Installing Node.js

With the repository added and the package index updated, we can now proceed to install Node.js on your Ubuntu terminal. Run the following command in your terminal:

sudo apt-get install nodejs

This command will install both Node.js and its package manager, npm, on your system. npm is used to install and manage packages for your Node.js projects.

Verifying the Installation

After the installation is complete, you can verify that Node.js and npm have been successfully installed on your Ubuntu terminal. Run the following commands:

node -v
npm -v

If the installation was successful, you should see the version numbers of Node.js and npm printed to the terminal. Congratulations! You have successfully installed Node.js on your Ubuntu terminal.

Installing Node.js on Windows

Downloading the Node.js Installer

To install Node.js on Windows, we need to download the official Node.js installer from the Node.js website. Follow the steps below to download the installer:

  • Step 1: Open your web browser and navigate to the official Node.js website at nodejs.org.
  • Step 2: On the homepage, click on the “Downloads” button in the top menu.
  • Step 3: On the downloads page, you will see two versions of Node.js: LTS (Long-Term Support) and Current. For most users, it is recommended to download the LTS version as it is more stable and widely supported. Click on the “LTS” button to download the installer for the LTS version.
  • Step 4: Once the installer is downloaded, locate the file and double-click on it to start the installation process.
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Installing Node.js

After double-clicking on the installer, you will be presented with the Node.js Setup Wizard. Follow the steps below to install Node.js on your Windows machine:

  • Step 1: Click on the “Next” button to start the installation.
  • Step 2: Read and accept the license agreement by selecting the “I accept the terms in the License Agreement” checkbox. Then, click on the “Next” button.
  • Step 3: Choose the installation location for Node.js. It is recommended to leave the default location as it is. Click on the “Next” button.
  • Step 4: Choose the components you want to install. It is recommended to leave the default components selected. Click on the “Next” button.
  • Step 5: Choose the Start Menu folder for Node.js. It is recommended to leave the default folder selected. Click on the “Next” button.
  • Step 6: Choose whether you want to automatically install the necessary tools for building Node.js modules. It is recommended to leave the default option selected. Click on the “Next” button.
  • Step 7: Review the settings you have chosen. If everything looks correct, click on the “Install” button to start the installation.
  • Step 8: Wait for the installation to complete. This may take a few minutes.
  • Step 9: Once the installation is complete, click on the “Next” button.
  • Step 10: Click on the “Finish” button to exit the Node.js Setup Wizard.

Verifying the Installation

After the installation is complete, you can verify that Node.js and npm have been successfully installed on your Windows machine. Open the Command Prompt or PowerShell and run the following commands:

node -v
npm -v

If the installation was successful, you should see the version numbers of Node.js and npm printed to the command prompt or PowerShell. Congratulations! You have successfully installed Node.js on your Windows machine.

Installing Node.js on Termux

Installing Termux

Before we can install Node.js on Termux, we need to have Termux installed on our Android device. Termux is a terminal emulator and Linux environment for Android that allows us to run Linux packages and commands on our device. Follow the steps below to install Termux:

  • Step 1: Open the Google Play Store on your Android device.
  • Step 2: Search for “Termux” in the search bar.
  • Step 3: Click on the “Install” button to install Termux.
  • Step 4: Wait for the installation to complete.
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Installing Node.js

Once Termux is installed on your Android device, you can proceed to install Node.js. Open the Termux app and follow the steps below:

  • Step 1: Update the package index by running the following command in the Termux terminal:
apt update
  • Step 2: Install the necessary packages for building Node.js by running the following command:
apt install build-essential
  • Step 3: Download the Node.js binary for Termux by running the following command:
curl -L https://nodejs.org/dist/latest/node-${VERSION}-linux-x64.tar.xz -o node.tar.xz

Replace ${VERSION} with the version number of the latest Node.js release. You can find the latest version number on the official Node.js website.

  • Step 4: Extract the Node.js binary by running the following command:
tar -xf node.tar.xz
  • Step 5: Move the extracted files to the appropriate location by running the following command:
mv node-${VERSION}-linux-x64/* $PREFIX/

Replace ${VERSION} with the version number of the latest Node.js release.

Verifying the Installation

After the installation is complete, you can verify that Node.js and npm have been successfully installed on your Termux terminal. Run the following commands:

node -v
npm -v

If the installation was successful, you should see the version numbers of Node.js and npm printed to the Termux terminal. Congratulations! You have successfully installed Node.js on your Android device using Termux.

Installing Node.js on Linux

Installing Node.js on Debian-based Systems (e.g., Ubuntu)

To install Node.js on Debian-based systems such as Ubuntu, you can use the package manager, apt. Follow the steps below to install Node.js:

  • Step 1: Open the terminal by pressing Ctrl + Alt + T or searching for “Terminal” in the applications menu.
  • Step 2: Update the package index by running thefollowing command:
    sudo apt update
    • Step 3: Install Node.js and npm by running the following command:
    sudo apt install nodejs

    Installing Node.js on CentOS-based Systems

    If you’re using a CentOS-based system, such as CentOS or RHEL, you can use the package manager, yum, to install Node.js. Follow the steps below:

    • Step 1: Open the terminal.
    • Step 2: Update the package index by running the following command:
    sudo yum update
    • Step 3: Install Node.js and npm by running the following command:
    sudo yum install nodejs

    Installing Node.js on Fedora

    If you’re using Fedora, you can use the package manager, dnf, to install Node.js. Follow the steps below:

    • Step 1: Open the terminal.
    • Step 2: Update the package index by running the following command:
    sudo dnf update
    • Step 3: Install Node.js and npm by running the following command:
    sudo dnf install nodejs

    Verifying the Installation

    After the installation is complete, you can verify that Node.js and npm have been successfully installed on your Linux machine. Open the terminal and run the following commands:

    node -v
    npm -v

    If the installation was successful, you should see the version numbers of Node.js and npm printed to the terminal. Congratulations! You have successfully installed Node.js on your Linux machine.

    Conclusion

    In conclusion, we have explored the step-by-step installation process of Node.js on Ubuntu terminal, Windows, Termux, and Linux. Each platform has its own specific installation steps, but with our comprehensive guide, you can easily install Node.js on your preferred operating system.

    On Ubuntu terminal, we added the Node.js repository, updated the package index, and installed Node.js using apt-get. On Windows, we downloaded the Node.js installer from the official website and followed the setup wizard to install Node.js. For Termux, we first installed Termux from the Google Play Store and then installed Node.js using the terminal. On Linux, we used different package managers (apt, yum, dnf) to install Node.js.

    Remember, the installation process may vary slightly depending on your specific setup, but the core steps remain the same. If you encounter any difficulties during the installation process, don’t hesitate to seek help from the vast Node.js community or refer to the official documentation.

    Now that you have Node.js installed on your preferred platform, you can start leveraging its powerful features and building amazing applications. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced developer, Node.js provides a robust environment for developing server-side and networking applications. Start exploring the world of Node.js and unleash your creativity!

    Happy coding!